What is pneumonia?
Friends, tell that this pneumonia is an infection caused by bacteria, virus or fungus in one or both lungs. And with this infection, the alveoli of the lungs become inflamed, and that is called the alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid and either pus, and that makes breathing very difficult.
Let us tell you that both viral and bacterial pneumonia are contagious. And friends, that means that they can spread from person to person only through inhalation of airborne droplets from sneeze or cough.
You can also get this type of pneumonia by coming into contact with surfaces and objects that are contaminated with the bacteria or viruses that cause pneumonia.
And this you can contract fungal pneumonia from the environment. And with this it does not spread from one person to another.
That pneumonia is a further and the classified according to where or how it was acquired:
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). This type of bacterial pneumonia occurs during a hospital stay. And also I that it can be more serious than other types, and also I that
- So because the bacteria involved can be very resistant to antibiotics.
- Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). And this refers to pneumonia that is acquired outside of a medical or institutional setting.
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). When it is only the people who use this ventilator, it gets this pneumonia, and that is why it is called VAP.
- Ambition pneumonia. And with this, it can be aspiration pneumonia only due to the entry of bacteria into your lungs from food, drink or saliva. And friends, that’s if you have swallowing problems, and either if you’re heavily influenced by the use of drugs, alcohol, or other drugs, then that’s more likely to happen.
As this walking pneumonia is a very minor case of pneumonia. And it is only people with walking pneumonia that may not even know that they have pneumonia. And so their symptoms may feel like a milder respiratory infection than pneumonia. And this, however, for ongoing pneumonia itself may require a longer recovery period.
So the symptoms of walking pneumonia may also include:
- and you have a slight fever
- And you get this long lasting dry cough from the same week
- and you feel cold
- you have difficulty breathing
- pain in your chest
- you lose appetite
That’s these viruses or and bacteria such as a Streptococcus so pneumoniae and the Haemophilus influenzae often of the cause pneumonia And it is, however, in ongoing pneumonia itself, that the bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae usually causes this condition.
Stages of pneumonia
Note that this pneumonia can be classified on the basis of the area of the lungs affecting:
Let us tell you that this bronchopneumonia can affect the areas of both your lungs very much. And in addition, it is often localized in or near your bronchi. These are the tubes and the ones that go from your trachea to your lungs.
So that’s addition a lobar pneumonia affect one and the more lobes of your lungs. And each of those lungs is made up of lobes, and these are the defining segments of your lungs.
And this is how lobar pneumonia can be further divided into four stages and how it progresses:
- Crowd. Let me tell you that this lung tissue is heavy and at the same time I appear to be congested. This very fluid filled with infectious organisms has accumulated in the alveoli.
- Red hepatization. Let me tell you that it is only the red blood cells as well as the immune cells that have entered the liquid itself. And it is only because of this that your lungs start looking red and solid.
- Gray hepatitis. Explain that red blood cells have started to break down while immune cells remain. And this is due to the breakdown of your red blood cells, there is a change in color from red to brown.
- Resolution. And with that the immune cells have started to clear the infection. And it is only this productive cough that helps you to expel the remaining fluid from the lungs.
Be aware that these pneumonia symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening. And they can then include:
- you have a cough that can produce phlegm (mucus)
- you have a fever
- you sweat or feel cold
- and you have shortness of breath that occurs even while doing normal activities and either while resting
- pain in your chest that gets worse when you breathe or cough
- and its tiredness or tiredness and you feeling
- you lose appetite
- and you have nausea or vomiting
- you have a headache
Other symptoms may vary according to your age as well as general health:
- Babies may show no symptoms, but sometimes they may vomit, lack energy, or have trouble drinking and eating.
- Children under the age of 5 may have rapid breathing and either wheezing.
- And it can only cause mild symptoms in older adults. And they may also experience confusion and either this body temperature below normal.
And also I get that pneumonia happens when germs enter your lungs and cause infection. And that inflammation occurs in the alveoli of the lungs as a result of the immune system’s response to clear it of the infection itself. And at the same time, this swelling can eventually fill the air sacs with this pus as well as this fluid, which can lead to symptoms of pneumonia.
Let us tell you that many types of infectious agents, including bacteria, as well as viruses and those fungi, can become the cause of pneumonia.
So that’s most common causes of the bacterial a pneumonia Streptococcus so this pneumoniae. And so other reasons include:
- and this is mycoplasma pneumoniae
- and Haemophilus influenzae
- And that’s Legionella pneumophila
- viral pneumonia
Respiratory viruses are often the cause of pneumonia. And with this, examples of viral infections that can cause pneumonia include:
- And that’s just this influenza (flu)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
- and rhinovirus (so that’s common cold)
- Human a parainfluenza virus (HPIV) infection
- and the human of metapneumovirus (HMPV) infection
- Or measles
- And this is chickenpox (varicella-zoster virus)
- and this a adenovirus infection
- and coronavirus infections.
- SARS-CoV-2 infection (the virus that causes COVID-19)
- Although that symptom the viral as well as bacterial of pneumonia are a very similar, viral pneumonia is usually mild. And it may improve in 1 to 3 weeks without treatment.
According the National of Heart Lung or Blood Institute the only peoples suffering viral pneumonia are at risk the getting this bacterial pneumonia.
Please tell that it can cause fungal pneumonia from soil or bird droppings. In addition, they often cause pneumonia in people with weakened immune systems.
Example the fungi that’s can be causes pneumonia include:
- and this Pneumocystis jirovecii
- as well as cryptococcus species
- and this Histoplasmosis species
- and risk
Let me tell you that anyone can get that pneumonia, and with that, but in some groups its risk is also very high. In addition, it includes these groups:
- And that’s for babies from birth to 2 years
- 65 years old and he is much older than that.
You have a weakened immune system because of people with it:
Please tell that it is the use of some medicines, such as steroids or some cancer medicines.
And that’s just a few people with chronic medical conditions, such as:
- such as asthma
- And with that I have cystic and with it fibrosis
- and this COPD
- your heart stops beating
- you have sickle cell disease
- and liver disease
- you have kidney disease
Let me tell you that people who have recently or currently are admitted to the hospital itself, and by the way, especially if they were or are on ventilators.
Friends, those people who have had a brain disorder, and those who can only affect that ability to swallow or cough, such as:
- and trauma
- you hit your head
- madness to you
- you have parkinson’s disease
- And the one that these people regularly cause irritation to the lungs, such as this air pollution as well as toxic fumes, especially at work.
- And at the same time, people who live in crowded environments, such as prisons or nursing homes.
- people who smoke it, which makes it more difficult for the body to get rid of the mucus in the airways itself
And it’s people who use drugs and either drink heavily, and also those who weaken the immune system and with it you get saliva in the lungs due to sedation. Or the chances of vomiting also increase.
With this your doctor will start by taking your medical history. And at the same time, I’ll ask you questions about when your symptoms first appeared, and your health in general.
Tell that again they will give you a physical exam. And also I would include listening to your lungs with a stethoscope for any unusual sounds, such as hoarseness.
Note that depending on the severity of your symptoms, as well as your risk of complications, your doctor may also order one or more of these tests:
An X-ray can tell that it is very helpful for your doctor to see the signs of swelling in your chest. If swelling is present, an X-ray can also inform your doctor about its location and its accompanying extent.
Let us tell you that this test uses a blood sample only to confirm the infection. And at the same time, I think that enrichment can also help you identify and what it might be in your situation.
During a sputum culture, that sample of mucus is collected after you cough deeply. And it is only then that it is sent to a laboratory for analysis only to identify the cause of the infection.
Please note that pulse oximetry measures the amount of oxygen in your blood. And it’s just one of your fingers, and the sensor can indicate whether or not they’re carrying enough oxygen through your bloodstream to your lungs.
Note that this CT scan provides a clearer and more detailed picture of your lungs.
Friends, tell your doctor that if he suspects that there is fluid in the pleural space of your chest, and that is only he can use this very needle placed between your ribs to sample the fluid. can take. And with this, this test can help a lot to identify the cause of your infection.
Explain that this bronchoscopy examines the airways in your lungs. And it does this by using a camera on the end of a flexible tube that it guides gently into your throat as well as your lungs.
Let me tell you that your doctor can do this test as well as if your initial symptoms are severe, and she will either if you are hospitalized and also if she responds well to antibiotics are not giving.
So tell that’s your treatment will be depend on the type pneumonia you have how’s severe it’s and also on your general health.
Let us tell you that your doctor can only prescribe this medicine to help in the treatment of your pneumonia. And with this, what you have been prescribed is based on the specific cause of your pneumonia itself. It will depend a lot.
It should be noted that oral antibiotics can only treat the vast majority of cases of bacterial pneumonia. Always take your full course of antibiotics, even if you only start to feel better. And friends, by not doing this, the infection can be prevented from going away, and it can be very difficult to treat it in the future.
It should be noted that antibiotics do not work on viruses. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral. And with that, although many cases of viral pneumonia get better on their own with home care.
It should be noted that antifungal drugs are used to treat fungal pneumonia. And with this, you may have to take this medicine for several weeks only to remove the infection.
Friends, let your doctor know that only if your doctor needs it, he can also recommend over-the-counter (OTC) medicines to relieve your pain and fever. These may also include:
And it’s aspirinbuprofen (Advil, Motrin) acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Your doctor should tell your cough that he or she may also recommend cough medicine to calm it down, as well as this so that you can rest. Keep in mind that coughing also greatly helps to remove fluid from your lungs, so you don’t want to eliminate it completely.
Let me tell you that although home remedies do not actually cure pneumonia, and with that, but these are only a few things and those that help you to reduce the symptoms very much. can do for.
Let us tell you that coughing is one of the most common symptoms of pneumonia. Natural ways to get relief from cough include gargling with salt water and either drinking that mint tea.
Tell that as if it can work to give you relief from compress fever. And let us tell you that drinking hot water or drinking a nice hot bowl of soup can help you a lot in getting cold too. And along with that, here are more home remedies for me to try.
Let me tell you that by taking a lot of rest and drinking lots of fluids along with it, they can help you a lot in your recovery and at the same time I can prevent recurrence.
Be aware that although home remedies can help ease the symptoms, it is important to stick to your treatment plan. And only take any prescribed medicine as directed.
Admitted to hospital
Explain that if your symptoms are very severe and it is either you have those other types of health problems, and only then you may need to be admitted to the hospital. And let us tell you that in the hospital, your doctor can keep an eye on your heart rate, temperature, as well as your breathing.
Hospital treatment may include:
Antibiotics are injected into a veno-respiratory therapy, which involves delivering specific drugs directly into the lungs, either to help maintain oxygen levels in your bloodstream, or to maintain oxygen levels in your bloodstream. As for the oxygen therapy itself, it teaches breathing exercises to the very max (achieved via a nose tube, face mask or ventilator, depending on the severity).
Note that this can lead to many complications of pneumonia, especially in people with very chronic conditions such as your weakened immune system or diabetes.
Complications may include:
- deteriorating chronic conditions. Let it be known that if you have these then some of these very pre-existing health conditions, and only then this pneumonia can make them worse. And friends, these conditions include heart failure and emphysema. And with that, for some people, pneumonia increases their risk of having a heart attack.
- Bacteremia. Let us tell you that only due to pneumonia infection, that bacteria can spread in your bloodstream. This can dangerously low blood pressure, and it can also lead to septic shock and, in rare cases, organ failure.
- Lung abscesses. Let us tell you that there are cavities in the lungs in which this pus is there. And with that, antibiotics can treat them. And friends, sometimes they only need drainage or surgery to remove this pus.
- impaired breathing. Be aware that it is only when you breathe and that it can be troublesome for you to get enough oxygen. You may also need to use a ventilator.
- Acute respiratory distress disease. Let us tell you that this is a severe form of respiratory failure. And with that I have only one medical emergency.
- pleural effusion. And friends that if your pneumonia is not treated, and that you can develop fluid around your lungs only in your pleura, and friends that is called this pleural effusion. Note that this pleura is the thin membrane that lines the outside of your lungs as well as the inside of your rib cage. And can also get infected with it and it needs to be removed by itself.
- Damage to the kidneys, heart and liver. These organs can become damaged if they do not get enough oxygen, and if there is an over-reaction of the immune system to the infection itself.
Death. Let us tell you that in only a few cases, that pneumonia can be fatal. And with this, according to the CDC, in the United States in 2019 alone, about 44,000 people died of pneumonia.
Redressal In many cases, this is the only way to prevent pneumonia.
It should be noted that vaccination is the first line of protection against pneumonia that’s are several vaccines can be help to prevent pneumonia.
Prevnar 13 as well as I Pneumovax 23
These two pneumonia vaccines help protect against pneumonia caused by pneumococcal bacteria, as well as meningitis so that’s your doctor tell you which is 1 might be better you.
So that Prevnar 13 is a most effective against in 13 type of this pneumococcal bacteria so And in addition, the CDC recommends this vaccine:
- Any child under 2 years of age
- People between the ages of 2 and 64 suffer from chronic conditions and
- which greatly increases their risk of pneumonia
- 65 years of age and also I am an adult above that, and this is on the recommendation of his doctor
- And it is effective against pneumococcal bacteria of only 23 types of pneumovax.
The CDC also recommends for:
- 65 years of age and also adults over the age of
- Adults 19 to 64 years old and those who smoke
- People between the ages of 2 and 64 are those who suffer from very chronic conditions and those who are at their own risk of pneumonia.
Let me tell you that pneumonia can often be a complication of the flu, and friends, that is because and those who must take this annual flu shot as well. And with that, the CDC recommends that only people over 6 months of age should be given that one vaccine, and friends, this is especially so for those people. Those who may also be at risk of complications from this flu.
The vaccine protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), a type of bacterium that causes pneumonia as well as me.
It can cause meningitis. And let us tell you that the CDC highly recommends this vaccine:
- Please note that all children below 5 years of age
- and either older children who are unvaccinated, or adults who have certain health conditions
- And that’s the only people who got this bone marrow transplant.
- According to the National Heart, Lung and I That Blood Institute, the pneumonia vaccine alone will not prevent all cases of this condition.
However, if you have been vaccinated, and only this, you are more likely to have a milder as well as minor illness, as well as a lower risk of complications.
Other Prevention Tips
Let us tell you that apart from this vaccination, you can also do other things to avoid this pneumonia:
- If you smoke, and only then try to quit. And smoking itself makes you more vulnerable to respiratory infections, especially pneumonia.
- And this is why you wash your hands regularly for at least 20 seconds with soap and water along with it.
- And this is to cover your cough and sneeze. And with it dispose of all the used tissue immediately.
- And this is only for you to strengthen your immune system so maintain a healthy lifestyle. And this is enough rest, take a balanced diet and do regular exercise along with it.
- With vaccinations as well as additional prevention steps, you can help reduce your risk of getting this pneumonia. Here are more prevention tips as well.
Is pneumonia curable?
Along with this, different types of infectious agents cause pneumonia. And at the same time, with proper identification and treatment, many cases of pneumonia can be cured without complications.
For bacterial infections, be aware that discontinuing your own antibiotics early may not clear up the infection completely. And friends, this means that your pneumonia may also come back.
It should be noted that even stopping antibiotics early can contribute to antibiotic resistance. And at the same time I find that antibiotic resistant infections are more difficult to treat.
Let us tell you that this viral pneumonia is often cured in 1 to 3 weeks with home remedies. And friends, in some cases, you may need an antiviral.
Please tell that these antifungal drugs treat fungal pneumonia. And this may require a longer period of treatment.
Pneumonia in pregnancy
Let us tell you that the pneumonia that occurs during pregnancy is called maternal pneumonia. And at the same time, it is only pregnant people who have a very high risk of developing this condition like pneumonia. This is due to the natural suppression of the immune system that occurs during pregnancy.
Let us tell you that the symptoms of pneumonia do not differ according to the trimester. However, and only some of them, you may notice this later in your pregnancy because of other discomforts that you are facing.
If you are pregnant, and at the same time, you should contact your doctor as soon as you start seeing symptoms of pneumonia. And at the same time, maternal pneumonia can cause a number of complications, such as premature birth and low birth weight.
Pneumonia in children
Let us tell you that pneumonia can be a common childhood condition. And with this, according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), around the world, about 1 in 71 children gets pneumonia every year.
Tell this is childhood
So the causes of pneumonia can vary according to age. And with that, for example, this respiratory virus caused by pneumonia, Streptococcus pneumoniae, as well as this Mophilus influenzae, it is more common in children under the age of 5 years.
Let us tell you that this is pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae and it is often seen in all children between the age of 5 to 13 years. And this is only one of the causes of pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. And that it is a mild form of pneumonia.
Tell your pediatrician if you notice your child and he only sees this:
- you are having trouble breathing
- you lack energy
- you have a change in appetite
- And at the same time, this pneumonia can quickly become dangerous, and this is especially in young children. And it has even been told how to avoid complications.
Let us tell you that most of these people respond to treatment and with this they recover from pneumonia. And that’s the kind of treatment you have, and your recovery time will depend on the type of pneumonia you have, and how severe it is, as well as your general health.
And at the same time, I am that a small person, only after the treatment, in a week he can feel back to normal. And this may take a long time for others to recover and at the same time it can make them tired. And that’s if your symptoms are severe, and that’s only if it can take several weeks for you to recover.
And so consider taking these steps to help your recovery as well as help prevent complications from occurring:
- And with this, you should stick to this treatment plan developed by your doctor, and at the same time he should take all the medicines as directed.
- Not only do you make sure that you get enough rest to help your own body fight that infection as well.
- And tell that only drink this liquid in more quantity.
And with this, ask your doctor to tell you the follow-up when you should schedule this appointment. And in addition, they may want to do another chest X-ray to make sure your infection has cleared up.
Explain that this pneumonia is a lung infection and that which is caused by your bacteria, virus or fungus. And friends, it is only because of that reaction of the immune system to this same infection, that the air sacs of your lungs are filled with that pus and fluid along with it. And friends, this makes it difficult to breathe, and along with this I see many symptoms like cough with or without mucus, fever and chills.
Explain that to diagnose pneumonia as well, your doctor will do the same physical exam and discuss your medical history with you. And with that they may recommend further testing, as well as a chest X-ray.
And at the same time, this treatment depends very much on the cause of the infection itself. And this may include antibiotics, antiviral medication, or even this antifungal medication.
Let us tell you that this pneumonia often gets cured in a few weeks. And friends, if your symptoms get worse, then see a doctor right away, and at the same time, it’s best to go to the hospital to prevent more serious complications and either to treat them. There may also be a great need for recruitment.