What is Malaria?
Let us tell you that this is a disease caused by Plasmodium parasite, and it is spread only through the bite of infected mosquitoes, friends tell that the severity of malaria varies depending on the species of Plasmodium. In addition, it is usually spread through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. And with that, when this mosquito bites you, and that’s when this parasite gets released into your bloodstream.
Friends, tell us that this is the only time when the parasites are inside your body, and that they travel to the liver, and also the place where they mature. After several days, these mature parasites enter the bloodstream and begin to infect red blood cells.
Friends, let us tell you that within 48 to 72 hours, only these parasites multiply inside the red blood cells, and with that the infected cells burst.
Explain that these parasites continue to infect red blood cells, and at the same time they result in symptoms that occur in cycles lasting two to three days at a time.
Friends, this malaria is usually found in tropical as well as sub-tropical climate and that is where the parasite can live. The World Health Organization (WHO)’s reliable source says that, in 2016, there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria in 91 countries alone.
Friends, let us tell you that in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control as well as its Prevention (CDC) reports 1,700 cases annually. And it should be noted that most cases of malaria develop in people who travel to countries where malaria is more common.
What causes malaria?
Tell friends that it could be malaria and that if a mosquito infected with the Plasmodium parasite bites you. In addition, there are four types of malaria parasites that can infect all humans: Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae and P. falciparum.
It should be noted that P. falciparum that causes more severe form the disease so that the same time is those who the contract this form of malaria are at high risk of death And this same infected mother can also pass this disease to her child at the time of birth. And let us tell you that it is also known as congenital malaria.
Let us tell you that this malaria is transmitted by blood, and that is why it can also be transmitted through:
- And it’s an organ transplant
- and a transfusion
- and it use shared needles and either syringes
What are the symptoms of malaria?
Friends, let us tell you that the symptoms of malaria usually develop within 10 days to 4 weeks of infection. And although in some cases, those very symptoms may not develop for several months Some malaria parasites can enter the body, but they will remain dormant for a very long time.
Common symptoms of malaria include:
- Please tell that it is a shivering cold which can range from moderate to very severe.
- like you got that high fever
- you sweat profusely
- you have a headache
- your nausea
- make you vomit
- pain in your stomach
- You have diarrhea
- and anemia
- pain in all your muscles
- and this fainting
- and blood in the stool
How is malaria diagnosed?
Tell that your doctor will be able to diagnose malaria that’s during your appointment it’s your doctor a who will a review your health and history that includes recent travel to tropical climates. And this will also be a physical exam.
Explain that your doctor will be able to determine whether you have an enlarged spleen or liver. And friends, if you have symptoms of malaria, and that is, your doctor may order additional blood tests only to confirm your diagnosis.
These tests will show:
- do you have malaria
- what type of malaria do you have
- Friends, if your infection is caused by a parasite and one that is resistant to certain types of drugs
- Friends, if your disease has caused anemia
- as well as if the disease has affected only your vital organs.
- Please tell that these deadly complications of malaria
And that malaria can also become the cause of many life-threatening complications. Could be the following:
- inflammation of the blood vessels of your brain, and either you have cerebral malaria
- the accumulation of fluid in your lungs that causes breathing problems and either pulmonary edema
- organ failure of your kidneys, liver, and either spleen
- And tell that because of that destruction of red blood cells, you can get anemia.
- And it lowers blood sugar.
How is malaria treated?
Let us tell you that malaria can also be a life-threatening condition, especially if you are infected with the parasite P. falciparum. And treatment for the disease is usually provided in a hospital. So in such a situation, your doctor will prescribe these medicines only on the basis of the type of parasite present with you.
In very few cases, the prescribed medicine may not clear the infection due to parasitic resistance to all the medicines. And with that, if this happens, it may require your doctor to use more than one drug to treat your condition and either to change the drugs completely.
In addition to that, only a few types of malaria parasites, such as P. vivax and P. ovale, have a liver stage, as well as the one where the parasite can live in your body for a long time and After that it becomes active again at a later date, causing the infection to recur.
Let us tell you that if you are found to have one of these types of malaria parasite, and only then you will be given this other medicine only to prevent it from happening again in the future.
What does malaria do to mosquitoes?
Let us tell you that this parasite infects female mosquitoes when they eat the blood of an infected person. And at the same time, it is only once in the mid intestine of the mosquito, that these parasites multiply and with it they go into your salivary glands, when the mosquito is ready to infect a new person on the next bite. There are. And this malaria is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world.
Is malaria curable or not?
Let us tell you that malaria disease can be classified as complicated or severe (complicated). And at the same time that in general, it is the only curable disease to malaria and friends that if it is diagnosed and treated promptly and properly. And all the clinical symptoms associated with malaria are asexual and either erythrocytic and either your blood stage is caused by parasites.
Is there a vaccine for malaria?
Let us tell you that this malaria vaccine is a vaccine and that which is used only to prevent malaria so this is a only approved vaccine that’s RTS,S, known under the brand name Mosquirix, until 2021. And it is only for this that he needs four injections. And with that I am continuing that research on other malaria vaccines.
What is the long-term outlook for people living with malaria?
It should be noted that the treatment people with malaria receive, and that is what they usually have a good long-term outlook. And friends, if complications arise as a result of malaria, and that’s why the outlook may not be that good. And at the same time, cerebral malaria, which causes inflammation in the blood vessels of the brain itself, can damage the brain.
Note that this may worsen the long-term outlook for patients with drug-resistant parasites And friends, it is in these patients that malaria can happen again so that can be lead to the other complications.
Measures to prevent malaria
Please tell that there is no vaccine available to prevent this malaria And friends, talk to your doctor and that if you are traveling to such an area and where this malaria is common or if you live in such an area And friends, only those medicines can be prescribed to you to prevent the disease.
Please tell that these medicines are the same as they were used to treat the same disease and they should be taken before, during and after your journey.
Friends, if you live in an area where malaria is common, and friends, talk to your doctor about long-term prevention. And also sleeping under that mosquito net can help you avoid the bites of infected mosquitoes. And then covering your skin and using either bug spray containing DEET can also help prevent that infection.
Friends, if you are unsure whether malaria is prevalent in your area, and that is, this CDC has an up-to-date map and where this malaria can be found.