According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, a sinus infection is a common condition and one that affects 31 million people in the United States each year. And because of this infection, your sinuses and your nasal passages become inflamed and this inflammation is called sinusitis.
Sinuses are small air pockets located on your forehead, friends, in between your nose, cheekbones and eyes. And at the same time, the sinuses produce mucus, which is a thin and flowing fluid that protects the body by trapping and carrying away germs.
Although sometimes, bacteria or allergies can cause too much mucus to build up, blocking the opening of your sinuses.
And with that extra mucus is normal if you have a cold or allergies. This mucus buildup can thicken and encourage bacteria and other germs in your sinus cavity to build up, causing bacterial or viral infections so that’s Mostly sinus infections are the viral or go away in the week and two without treatments.
It should be noted that if your symptoms do not improve within 1 to 2 weeks, it may be a bacterial infection and you should schedule an appointment with your doctor.
What are the types of sinus infections?
like that acute sinus: And that duration of acute sinusitis is shortest. And with this, it is only this viral infection caused by the common cold that can cause such symptoms and the one that usually lasts between 1 to 2 weeks. And in the case of a bacterial infection, even this acute sinusitis can last up to 4 weeks. And at the same time, that seasonal allergy is also acute and it can cause sinusitis.
Symptoms of subacute sinusitis can last for up to 3 months. And along with this, this condition usually occurs with bacterial infection and either it is with seasonal allergies.
Let us tell you that the symptoms of chronic sinusitis last for more than 3 months. And at the same time they are often less severe. In these cases only bacterial infection can be to blame. Additionally, chronic sinusitis is usually accompanied by either persistent allergies or structural nasal problems.
Who is at risk for sinus infection?
Be aware that anyone can develop a sinus infection. And friends, however, certain other health conditions as well as those risk factors can greatly increase your chances of developing them such as:
- A deviated nasal septum, that is, when the wall of tissue that runs between your right and simultaneously left nostril is displaced unevenly on one side
- your nasal bone spur
- Nasal polyps, friends, this is usually a non-cancerous growth in the nose
- and history of allergies
- Recent contact with mold to you
- your weak immune system
- tobacco smoking
- Friends this is recent upper respiratory infection
- Cystic fibrosis, it is a condition that causes thick mucus to build up in your lungs as well as other mucus membrane linings.
- such as dental infections
- Airplane travel, tell that you can get it only when you come in contact with high concentration of germs
What are the symptoms of sinus infection?
Let us tell you that the symptoms of sinusitis are similar to the common cold. And friends, he can also join them:
- such as decreased sense of smell
- you have a fever
- And that stuffy and either your runny nose
- Headache from pressure in your sinuses
- tired you
- you cough
- It can be difficult for those parents of you to diagnose this sinus infection in your children.
And these are the symptoms of the same infection include:
- Be aware that symptoms such as colds or allergies that do not improve within 14 days
- You have a high fever (above 102°F or 39°C)
- Thick, and thick mucus coming out of your nose
- You have a cough that lasts for more than 10 days
- Symptoms of acute, subtle as well as chronic sinus infections are similar. And friends, although it is your own, the severity of all the symptoms and the length of it will also vary greatly.
How is this sinus infection diagnosed?
Friends, tell you that to diagnose this sinus infection, it is your doctor who will ask about your symptoms and along with this he will do a physical examination. They may check for pressure and tenderness by pressing a finger against your head and cheeks. And they may also examine the inside of your nose for signs of inflammation.
In most cases, it is only your doctor who can diagnose this sinus infection based on your symptoms as well as the results of a physical exam.
However, it should be noted that in the case of a chronic infection, your doctor may recommend imaging tests to examine your nasal passages as well as your sinuses. In addition, these tests can reveal a blockage of mucus as well as any abnormal formations such as polyps.
Note that this CT scan provides a 3-D picture of your sinuses. And by the way, an MRI also uses a very powerful magnet to create images of internal structures.
Friends, by the way, your doctor can also use a fiberoptic scope, and the one which is a lighted tube and the one that passes through your nose. It is only used to directly visualize the inside of your nasal passages and sinuses. And to test for the presence of an infection, a sample may be obtained during nasal endoscopy for culture testing.
Explain that this is an allergy test that identifies those irritants and those that may be the cause of an allergic reaction. And only a blood test can check for diseases that weaken the immune system, such as HIV.
What are the treatment options for sinus infection?
like a crowd: Congestion in your nose is one of the most common symptoms of a sinus infection. And at the same time, to help ease the feeling of pain from sinus pressure, you can apply a warm, damp cloth to your own face and your forehead several times a day. Nasal saline rinses can go a long way in getting rid of that sticky mucus from your nose.
Tell that to stay hydrated, drink that water and its juice and help in thinning the mucus. And by the way, you can use an over-the-counter (OTC) medication along with it, such as guaifenesin, which thins the mucus.
Use that humidifier in your own bedroom only to add moisture to the air. And at the same time turn on the shower and with that I sit in the bathroom with the door closed only to surround myself with steam.
It should be noted that consider using an OTC nasal corticosteroid spray only. There are decongestants available OTC, as well as that but you might want to consider asking your doctor about these before trying one.
Be aware that a sinus infection can trigger a sinus headache or pressure in your forehead and cheeks. And that if you’re in pain, and that’s only acetaminophen plus those OTC medications like ibuprofen can help.
It should be noted that if your symptoms do not improve within a few weeks, you are more likely to have a bacterial infection and you should also see your doctor. And with that, if you have symptoms and those that don’t get better within a few weeks, and that’s why you may need antibiotic therapy, and at the same time These include runny nose, congestion, cough, persistent pain in the face and either headache, swollen eyes or fever.
If you receive an antibiotic, you should take it for 3 to 14 days depending on your own doctor’s instructions. And don’t stop taking your medication earlier than all that directed, and that’s because it may aggravate the bacterial infection and it may not completely resolve itself.
In addition, your doctor may also schedule an appointment to monitor your condition. And friends, if your sinus infection does not improve for you or gets worse by your next visit, and that is only your doctor can refer you to an ear, nose and throat specialist.
Let me tell you that the doctor may also do additional tests to determine whether it is the allergy itself that is triggering your sinusitis or not.
It should be noted that this is surgery to clear the sinuses, and this is the only repair of the deviated septum, and that either removing the polyps may help if and if this is your chronic sinusitis time and also that Does not improve with medication.
How can I prevent sinus infection?
Friends this is because sinus infection can develop after cold, flu and either you have an allergic reaction, and along with it I recommend a healthy lifestyle and reduce your exposure to all those germs and its allergens.
May help prevent infection. And in addition to reducing your own risk, you can:
- For example, get a flu vaccine every year.
- And you eat healthy food, such as fruits and vegetables.
- And you wash your hands regularly.
- You limit your exposure to smoke, chemicals, pollen, and other allergens and either irritant to it only.
- And if you have allergies and then take antihistamine medicine to treat that cold.
- And you should also avoid coming in contact with people with active respiratory infections, such as a cold or flu.
What is the long term outlook?
It should be noted that this sinus infection is treatable, and most people get better without seeing a doctor or even taking antibiotics. And at the same time, however, if you have frequent or chronic sinus infections and only then you should tell your doctor And in addition, you may have an underlying medical condition, such as nasal polyps.
Friends, if left untreated, a sinus infection can also lead to rare complications, such as:
- As if it is an abscess, in the sinus cavity itself it is a closed collection of pus as well as infection
- meningitis, and or a life. This is a dangerous infection and one that can damage your brain and your spinal cord.
- you have orbital cellulitis, and this then an infection of the tissues around the eyes.