Multiple sclerosis:What are the Causes symptoms diagnosed and treatments of MS

Friends, let us tell you that this multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic condition associated with your central nervous system (CNS). And also with MS, your immune system attacks myelin, which is the protective layer that surrounds nerve fibers.

Friends, tell that this is the cause of MS inflammation and temporary sores only. It can also lead to permanent scarring caused by scar tissue, as well as one that can make it difficult for your brain to send signals to the rest of your body.

There is no cure for MS, but it is possible to manage the symptoms. And also learn more about the causes of MS, how it’s treated, and more.
One who sees pictures that show the physical changes associated with MS.
What are the symptoms of MS?
Friends, people with MS experience a wide range of symptoms. And also because of the nature of the disease, all those symptoms can vary widely from person to person.

As such they can change from year to year, month to month and even in severity from day to day.

And here are some of the most common symptoms associated with MS.
According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS), only about 80 percent of people with MS report fatigue. In addition, the fatigue that accompanies MS can make it difficult for you to perform your daily tasks on your own.
Difficulty walking
Let us tell you that due to MS, it can be difficult to walk:

  1. you have numbness in your legs and either feet
  2. and you have trouble balancing
  3. weakness in your muscles
  4. the elasticity of all those muscles of yours
  5. and that difficulty with vision
  6. You can get hurt if you have difficulty walking and also fall.
Vision problems
Note that for many people with MS, vision problems are often among the first symptoms. And at the same time, I think that vision problems can affect one or both eyes very much. These issues can come and go, and they can either get worse over time. And with that they can completely solve this for you too.

Some of the common vision problems associated with MS include:

  1. Optic neuritis, which can also cause pain in one eye and blurred vision in either
  2. diplopia, and either double vision
  3. nystagmus, and either involuntary movement of your eyes
  4. and blind you
  5. your speech issues
  6. And MS causes lesions in the brain that can affect speech. And these speech issues, also known as dysarthria, can range from mild to even severe.
As these symptoms of dysarthria may include the following:

  1. such as contemptuous speech
  2. “scanning” speech, and one where there are long pauses between these words or syllables
  3. and its that change in the volume of speech as well
  4. and its other symptoms

As well as other fairly common symptoms of MS, they include:

  1. and this acute or chronic pain
  2. tremors
  3. Plus all those cognitive issues related to concentration, memory, and word-finding.
  4. difficulty chewing and swallowing
  5. you have sleep problems
  6. Same problems with bladder control.
  7. And then learn more about the symptoms of MS.
How is MS diagnosed?
Friends, let us tell you that it is very often the same health care professional, often a neurologist, that there will be a great need to do a neurological exam. And they will also talk to you about your clinical history and order a series of other tests to determine if you have MS.

And this diagnostic test may include the following:
  1. MRI scan: Explain that by using contrast dye with MRI, your doctor can detect active as well as dormant lesions in your brain and spinal cord.
  2. And this then optical coherence tomography (OCT): In this test, a picture is also taken of the nerve layers in the back of your eye to check if it is too thin around the optic nerve.
  3. Spinal tap (lumbar puncture): In addition, your doctor may order a spinal tap to detect abnormalities in your spinal fluid. And with this, this test can help you a lot only in removing infectious diseases. It can also be used to look for oligoclonal bands (OCBs), as well as those that can be used to diagnose MS.
  4. blood test: And it’s only then that doctors order blood tests to help rule out the possibility of other conditions that have similar symptoms.
  5. Visual evoked potential (VEP) test: Note that this test requires stimulation of nerve pathways to analyze not only the electrical activity in your brain. And also this, in the past, this your brain stem hearing-evoked and sensory-evoked potential tests were also very much used to diagnose MS.
  6. An MS diagnosis: requires evidence of this disruption occurring at different times in more than one area of ​​your brain, spinal cord, or either of your optic nerves Remission is the only such process and the one that prevents the nerves from sending this signal efficiently.

And at the same time, a diagnosis also requires ruling out other conditions and those that have similar symptoms. Some examples of this are Lyme disease, lupus, and all of them with Sjögren’s disease.
What are the types of MS?
These include the types of MS:

and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS)
And that CIS is a pre-MS condition and one that involves 1 episode of symptoms lasting at least 24 hours. And with this, these symptoms are due to demyelination in your own CNS.

And friends, although this episode is characteristic of MS, it is not enough to indicate a diagnosis.

If you have more than one lesion in your spinal fluid at the time of a spinal tap and either it is a positive oligoclonal band (OCB), then you are also more likely to get a diagnosis of RRMS.

And with that said, if these lesions are not present and either this fluid in your spinal cord does not show OCB, then you are also less likely to get an MS diagnosis.
Recursive-dispatch MS (RRMS)
Note that relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) involves a clear recurrence of disease activity and only after that a remission occurs. And it is during this period of remission, that symptoms are mild and either absent, and there is mild to moderate disease progression.

Let us tell you that according to the NMSS, RRMS is the most common form of MS in its early stages and with it it accounts for about 85 percent of all cases.
Primary Progressive MS (PPMS)
If you have primary progressive MS (PPMS), your neurological function gets progressively worse from the very beginning of your symptoms.

And note that it may, however, have a short period of stability. The terms “active” and “not active” are sometimes used to describe disease activity with either new or increasing brain lesions.
Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS)
Let us tell you that this is Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS) when it changes in RRMS as it is progressive. In addition to disability and gradual deterioration of function, you may still have to notice these relapses.
Friends, this is your MS can change and grow and that is like – for example, moving from RRMS to SPMS.

It’s that you can only have one type of MS at a time, and I’d like to know when you transition to the progressive form of MS, and also to know a little bit about that. be difficult.
How is MS treated?
And while there is currently no cure for MS, there are treatment options that will help you manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. can do.

and this disease-modifying treatment (DMT)
DMT is designed to slow the progression of MS as well as reduce the relapse rate on your own.

And in addition, self-injectable disease-modifying drugs for RRMS include glatiramer acetate (Copaxone) and beta-interferon, and
He like:

  1. and avonex
  2. and this betaceron
  3. and this extvia
  4. and I also you
  5. Rebiff

In 2020, the FDA gave Caseymta an approval for treatment only. And in addition, Casemta is a monoclonal antibody treatment and one that can be self-administered.

For RRMS only these oral medications include:

  1. and that such as dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)
  2. And this is fingolimod (Gilenya)
  3. Teriflunomide (Aubagio)
  4. And this is cladribine (mavenclad)
  5. And this is Diroxymel Fumarate (Vomerity)
  6. And that’s siponimod (magent)

And then intravenous (IV) infusion treatments for RRMS include:

  1. such as this alemtuzumab (Lemtrada)
  2. and natalizumab (Tysabri)
  3. and also mitoxantrone (Novantrone)
  4. and ocrelizumab (Ocrevus)
  5. So that’s 2017 year of the Foods and Drug Administration (FDA) of that approved the first DMT for people with PPMS And friends, this infusion drug is called ocrelizumab (Ocrevus), and it can also be used to treat RRMS.

Another drug, as well as ozanimod (Zeposia), has recently been approved for the treatment of CIS, itself or RRMS and SPMS, and is not yet marketed because of COVID-19. Is.

Friends, all MS medicines are very available for every person and either they will not be suitable. And with this, you should talk to your own doctor about which medicines are most suitable for you and the risks and benefits of each.
Other medicines
For example, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids, such as methylprednisolone (Medrol) and either Actar gel (ACTH), to treat the relapse itself.

Let us tell you that other treatments can be targeted not only to ease specific symptoms to help improve your quality of life.

Friends, since MS is different for everyone, and its treatment depends on your specific symptoms. And for most of that, it’s only that flexible approach that is necessary.
What causes MS?
Friends, let us tell you that if you have MS, and it is only your brain, that optic nerve and along with it, the protective layer of myelin around some nerve fibers of your spinal cord is damaged.

It’s a believed that’s the damage is a results of the an immune system attacks And with that, researchers believe there may be an environmental trigger, such as a virus or toxin, and one that sets off an immune system attack.

And with that, as soon as your immune system attacks the myelin, it causes demyelination. It may go into remission as new layers of myelin form, but chronic inflammation can lead to scar tissue, and that itself can result in permanent nerve damage.

MS is not hereditary, and so does that, but having a parent with MS and either a sibling increases your risk only slightly. According to a review of studies published in 2011, it is only these genes that scientists have identified and those that increase the susceptibility to developing MS.
What’s the life of expectancy for people with MS?
And let us tell you that it is almost impossible to predict how MS will progress in any one person. And with it, according to the NMSS, life expectancy is increasing in people with MS just like that.

Friends, according to the NMSS, only about 10 to 15 percent of people with your MS have only a rare attack 10 years after diagnosis and the same disability. It is generally believed that he is not on treatment or injectable drugs. And this is what it is sometimes called benign MS.
Ms type
Let us tell you that Progressive MS usually progresses much faster than RRMS. And with that, people with that can live in remission for many years. Lack of disability after 5 years is usually a good indicator for your future.
Friends, according to a 2018 review of some studies, this disease is more severe in men and at the same time debilitating.
And it’s like with MS that your quality of life depends on your symptoms and how well they respond to treatment. And with that, but even though this unpredictable disease can change course without warning, and with that, it’s rarely fatal.
What are the early symptoms of MS?
Friends, let us tell you that this MS can develop in one go, and its symptoms can be so mild that you can easily dismiss them. And also here are three of the most common early symptoms of it:

  1. So this Numbness or the tingling that’s affect the arms, and legs, or one side of your face. And at the same time, these sensations are like a pin-and-needle that you feel when your foot falls asleep. However, they occur without a trigger.
  2. And then this uneven balance and weak legs. And you can easily find yourself tripping over it while walking or doing any other type of physical activity.
  3. Double vision, blurred vision in one eye, and partial vision loss. And these can all be early signs of MS. You may also have pain in your eyes.
  4. Friends, it is not uncommon for these initial symptoms to return only later. You can go weeks, either months, or even years between flare-ups.

Friends, there can be many different reasons for these symptoms. Even if you have these symptoms, it doesn’t mean you have MS.

And in addition, RRMS is more common in women, while PPMS is equally common in women and men. Friends, most experts agree that MS tends to be more aggressive in men and that recovery from MS is often incomplete.
What is it like living with MS?
It should be noted that most people with MS find ways to manage their symptoms and that keep you functioning well.
And let us tell you that having MS means that you have to see only a doctor experienced in the treatment of MS.

So if you take one of this DMT, you have to follow the recommended schedule. And in addition to this, your doctor may prescribe other types of medicines to treat specific symptoms.
Diet and exercise
Friends, regular exercise is important for physical as well as mental health, and friends, even if you are disabled.

Friends, if your physical activity is difficult, then swimming or exercising in the swimming pool can help. and with that i
That’s why some yoga classes are designed only for people with MS.

Remember that a balanced diet, low in empty calories and high in nutrients and fiber, will help you manage your overall health.

These are the main things that should be included in your diet:

  1. Please tell that there are different types of fruits and vegetables.
  2. lean sources of protein, such as fish and its skinless poultry
  3. Whole grains and other sources of it along with
  4. and crazy
  5. and legumes
  6. And so low-fat dairy products
  7. such as this sufficient amount of water and other liquids
  8. And the healthier your diet, the better your overall health will be. And with that, you will not only feel better in the short term, but you will also lay the foundation for a healthier future.
You should try to limit or avoid:

  1. saturated fat to you
  2. and trans fats
  3. and this red meat
  4. And so that foods and beverages high in sugar
  5. Only foods high in sodium
  6. and so highly processed foods

Friends, that is if you have other medical conditions, and only then ask your doctor whether you should follow a special diet and either it is a dietary supplement.

Friends, it is also helpful to learn how to read food labels properly. Foods high in calories but low in nutrients won’t help you feel better and maintain a weight that doesn’t work for you either.
Other complementary treatments
While studies about the effectiveness of complementary therapies are scarce, this does not mean that these methods cannot help in any way.

Friends, the following remedies can only help you to feel less stressed and more relaxed:

  1. like meditation
  2. and massage
  3. and tai chi
  4. and that acupuncture
  5. and this hypnotherapy
What are the risk factors for MS?
Friends, let us tell you that the exact cause of MS is also unknown. And in addition, there are several risk factors for developing MS.

These risk factors include:

  1. MS. having a close relative with
  2. like you are fat
  3. and she gives you some infection
  4. smoking
  5. And that’s just a few autoimmune disorders, such as type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
What are the complications of MS?
Friends, let us tell you that the lesions caused by MS can appear anywhere in your CNS and at the same time they can also have wide-ranging effects.
Mobility issues
And that is, as you get older, some of these disabilities can become more pronounced because of MS.

Friends, if you have mobility issues, and that is only if you fall, then you can increase your risk of bone fracture. And in addition, having other conditions like arthritis and osteoporosis can complicate matters.
Other concerns
And let us tell you that one of the most common symptoms of MS is fatigue, and that but it is not uncommon for people with MS:

  1. such as depression
  2. worry you
  3. and you have some degree of cognitive impairment
Friends, let us tell you that mobility issues can lead to lack of physical activity, which can lead to other types of health problems. And along with it you can also have fatigue and mobility issues which can have an impact on your sexual function.
What are the statistics on MS?
According to the NMSS, this may not have been the only scientifically correct national study on the prevalence of MS in the United States since 1975.

Friends, however, in a 2017 study, the Society estimated that only about 1 million Americans have MS.

And these other things that you should know:
  1. And at the same time, it is the most widespread neurological condition that causes young adults worldwide to live with disabilities as well as those with disabilities.
  2. And with this, my friends suffering from RRMS at your time, most of the people are between 20 and 50 years of age.
  3. Overall, MS is more common in women than in men. According to the NMSS, this RRMS is two to three times more common in women than in men. The rates of PPMS are almost equal in men and women.
  4. And at the same time, the rates of this MS are lower in those places which are closer to the equator. It may be related to exposure to sunlight and vitamin D. People who relocate to a new location before the age of 15 are usually more likely to get the MS risk factors associated with the new location than by the age of 15. And with that, Canadians experience the highest rate of MS in the world.
  5. Data from 1999 to 2008 showed that the direct as well as indirect costs of MS ranged between $8,528 and $54,244 per year. And in addition to this, the cost of existing DMT can be up to $60,000 annually. Ocrelizumab (Ocrevus) also costs $65,000 per year.
Take away
Friends tell that MS is a lifelong condition. You will face unique challenges and one that can only change over time.

It should be noted that you should focus on communicating your concerns to your doctor, as well as whatever he or she can learn about it, and find out what you need. What do you think is the best?

Friends, let us tell you that it is only many people with MS, either in person or through online support groups, that you choose to deal with your challenges as well as coping strategies.

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