What are gallstones?
Friends, let us tell you that your gallbladder is a small organ located in your upper right abdomen, just below your liver. This is a pouch that stores your bile, a greenish-yellow liquid that aids in digestion. Problems with your gallbladder usually occur when something is blocking the bile duct itself – such as a gallstone.
Friends, by the way, most of these gallstones are formed when these substances found in bile, such as cholesterol, become hard.
Gallstones are very common and are often asymptomatic. However, about 10 percent of people who are diagnosed with gallstones will develop these very noticeable symptoms within 5 years.
Signs and symptoms of gallstones
Friends, let us tell you that due to gallstones, there can be pain in the upper right part of the stomach or in the center of your stomach. And that you may experience gallbladder pain from time to time after eating foods that are high in fat, such as fried foods, but the pain occurs almost at any time. It can also happen.
Friends, let us tell you that the pain caused by this gallstone usually lasts only for a few hours, but it can feel very serious.
Friends, if gallstones are left untreated and either it is unknown, then only it can aggravate its symptoms:
- such as high temperature
- your heartbeat
- So that Yellowing your skin or whites of your eyes (jaundice)
- itchy skin
- loss of appetite
- And friends, these symptoms can be symptoms of gallbladder infection, or inflammation of the gallbladder, liver, and either this pancreas.
Note that because the symptoms of gallstones can mimic those of other more serious issues like appendicitis and pancreatitis, it doesn’t matter if you’re dealing with one or more of these issues – Then it’s time to see a doctor or bring yourself to the ER.
It should be noted that gallstones themselves do not cause pain. Rather, the pain occurs when this gallstone blocks the movement of bile from the gallbladder itself.
So Accordingly to the American College of Gastroenterology, about 80 percent of people who have gallstones have “silent gallstones.” And friends, it means that they do not experience pain or have symptoms. In these cases, your doctor may discover gallstones on an X-ray or during abdominal surgery.
Friends, let us tell you that the actual cause of gallstones is believed to be due to the chemical imbalance of bile inside the gallbladder. However and this researchers are still not clear about what exactly causes the imbalance, and let us tell you that there are some possible reasons for this:
- Like it’s too much in your bile and it’s too much cholesterol
- And this is because having too much cholesterol in your bile can lead to yellow as well as cholesterol stones. And these even hard stones can develop if your liver makes too much cholesterol from your bile itself and that can dissolve your bile.
Too much bilirubin in your bile
For example, bilirubin is a chemical that is produced during the normal breakdown of red blood cells. And only after it is made, it passes through your liver and eventually gets out of the body.
Certain conditions, such as liver damage and certain blood disorders, also cause your liver to produce more bilirubin than it should. Also, those pigment gallstones form when your gall bladder is unable to break down excess bilirubin. And tell that these hard stones are often dark brown and either black in color.
Tell that because of a full gall bladder concentrated bile And it must be able to empty your bile for your gallbladder to function properly. If it fails to empty your bile contents, the bile becomes highly concentrated, and that can lead to stone formation.
Friends, most of the time, you will not need treatment for gallstones unless they are causing you pain. And with that, sometimes you can pass gallstones without even noticing. Your doctor may recommend surgery if you are in pain, and only then. In rare cases, only this drug can be used.
Friends, if you are at high risk for complications of surgery, then there are only a few non-surgical ways to try to treat gallstones. However, friends, if surgery is not performed, and that is, your gallstones may come back – even with additional treatment. And at the same time it means that you may need to monitor your condition for most of your life.
Cholecystectomy, which is surgery to remove the gallbladder, is one of the most common operations performed on adults in the United States. And this is because the gall bladder is not an essential organ, and friends, it is possible to live a healthy life without it.
There are two types of cholecystectomy:
- Tell that this is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This is a general surgery that requires general anesthesia. And with that said, the surgeon will usually make three or so four incisions in your abdomen. They’ll then insert a small, or lighted instrument into one of the incisions, examine the stones, and carefully remove your gallbladder. If you have no complications you can usually go home the day of the procedure and either this then the next day.
- Open cholecystectomy. This surgery is usually done when the gallbladder becomes inflamed, infected or scarred. This surgery can only be done if there is a problem during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
- It is only after the removal of the gallbladder that you may experience loose or watery stools. Removal of the gallbladder itself involves rerouting the bile from the liver to the small intestine. And with this, bile no longer passes through the gallbladder and becomes less concentrated. And this immediate result is a laxative effect and one that can cause you diarrhea, as well as me but for most people that problem should resolve on its own.
Non surgical treatment
Let us tell you that if surgery cannot be done, such as if the patient is an older person, and that is the only other way that the doctor can try to get rid of your gallstones Huh.
- Oral dissolution therapy usually involves using the drugs ursodiol (Actigall) and chenodiol (Chenix) to break up gallstones. And at the same time, these drugs contain bile acids, and the one that works to break down stones. This treatment is best suited for breaking up cholesterol stones, and it may take several months or even years for it to work fully.
- In addition, shock wave lithotripsy is another option. A lithotriptor is a machine that generates shock waves that pass through a person. And at the same time, these shock waves can break the gallstone into small pieces.
- Explain that percutaneous drainage of the gallbladder involves placing a sterile needle in the gallbladder itself to aspirate (exit) the bile. A tube is then inserted to help drain the excess. And at the same time, this procedure is generally not the first line of defense and is an option for individuals who may not be suitable for other procedures.
- This is the only risk factor for gallstones
- Some risk factors for gallstones are related to diet, while others are not controlled. And these uncontrolled risk factors are things like age, race, gender, as well as family history.
Lifestyle risk factors
- like you live with obesity
- And this is a diet high in fat or cholesterol as well as one that is low in fiber.
- you lose weight fast
- and you have to live with type 2 diabetes
- genetic risk factors
- and this born woman
- and it’s Native American and either it’s of Mexican descent
- you have a family history of gallstones
- be 60 years of age or older
- and your medical risk factors
- and you have to live with cirrhosis
- you are pregnant
- taking certain medicines to lower your cholesterol
- and you have high estrogen content and you take medicines with it (such as some birth control)
Friends, let us tell you that while some medicines can increase your risk of gallstones, and at the same time do not stop taking them until you have discussed it with your doctor and he So they don’t approve.
Friends, tell that your doctor will do a physical examination, which includes examining your eyes as well as your skin for visible changes in color. A yellowish complexion can be a sign of jaundice, which is a result of too much bilirubin in your body.
And in addition, the exam may involve using diagnostic tests and those that help your doctor see inside your body. And that includes these tests:
- Ultrasound. Explain that this is an ultrasound that produces images of your abdomen. And at the same time, it is the preferred imaging method to confirm that you have gallstone disease. And it can also show abnormalities associated with acute cholecystitis.
- Abdominal CT scan. In addition, this imaging test takes pictures of your liver and abdominal area.
- Gallbladder radionuclide scan. And at the same time, this important scan takes about an hour to complete. A specialist injects a radioactive material into your veins. And that substance of it goes through your blood to the liver and along with it, it goes to the gallbladder. On a scan, this can reveal evidence to suggest either an infection of the bile ducts by stones and a blockage to you.
- blood test. And with this, your doctor can order a blood test and that which measures the amount of bilirubin in your blood. The tests also help determine how well your liver is working.
Diet and foods to eat in moderation
Not only does it help improve your condition and reduce your risk of gallstones, try these tips:
- You eat fewer refined carbs (like cookies and white bread) and that less sugar.
- And at the same time increase your intake of healthy fats like fish oil and olive oil, and that can help your gallbladder to contract as well as empty it regularly.
- And at the same time, I eat a fair amount of fiber per day (women need about 25 grams in a day, men need about 38 grams in a day).
- And friends, he should do some kind of physical activity every day.
- And you keep yourself properly hydrated.
- Friends, if you are planning to lose weight, and only then do it slowly. Rapid weight loss can only increase your risk of gallstones and other health problems.
There is no easy way to completely prevent your gallstones, and at the same time, cholesterol appears to play a major role in their formation. And friends, if you have a family history of gallstones, it is only your doctor who may advise you to limit foods high in saturated fat. And friends, some of these foods include:
- such as fatty meats, such as sausages and bacon
- and this cake and cookies
- Lard and Cream
- something else
- Friends, that’s because obese people are more likely to get gallstones, and that’s because keeping your weight in the moderate range is another way to limit the chances of their formation.
Long term outlook
Be aware that if your doctor has diagnosed you with gallstones and decides that you need surgery to remove them or your gallbladder, and that’s only then the outlook is often positive. it happens. And with this, in most cases of stone removal, these stones do not come back.
Friends, if you are not able to do surgery and also he decides to take medicine to dissolve the stones, and at the same time, the gallstones can come back, so you and your doctor Only this will be needed to monitor your progress.
Friends, if your gallstones are not causing symptoms, and then most likely you will not need to do anything. And yet, you may want to make lifestyle changes to prevent them from getting older and causing problems with it.