Friends, let us tell you that this coronary artery disease (CAD) causes poor blood flow in the arteries supplying blood to the heart so that’s called of coronary heart disease (CHD) or CAD is a most commonly form of heart disease and affects approximately 16.5 million Americans over the age of 20.
It’s also they leading caused of death for both men and that women in the United States. And with that, it’s estimated that every 40 seconds, someone in the United States has a heart attack.
This uncontrolled CAD can lead to a heart attack.
Please tell that this is due to coronary artery disease?
The most common cause of CAD is vascular injury with cholesterol plaque buildup in the arteries, and that’s called atherosclerosis. Low blood flow occurs when one or more of these arteries is partially and either completely blocked.
So that’s four primary’s coronary Arteries are a located on surface of that heart:
- such as this right main coronary artery
- and that then the left main coronary artery
- and this left circumferential artery
- So that’s well the Left anterior descendings artery.
Let us tell you that these arteries bring oxygen to your heart as well as that nutrient-rich blood. And with this, your heart is the only muscle that is responsible for pumping blood throughout your body. According to the Cleveland Clinic, a healthy heart pumps about 3,000 gallons of blood through your body every day.
Remember that your heart, like any other organ or muscle, must receive an adequate, reliable blood supply to perform its function. And in addition, this reduced blood flow to your heart can cause those symptoms of CAD.
Let us tell you that other rare causes of damage or blockage of the coronary artery also limit the flow of blood in the heart itself.
Symptoms of CAD
When your heart does not get enough arterial blood, you may experience a variety of symptoms. And along with that, angina (chest discomfort) is the most common symptom of CAD. And with that, some of those people describe this restlessness as follows:
- pain in your chest
- and inertia
- and trouble you
- your burning
- squeeze of you
And these symptoms can also be mistaken for heartburn or indigestion.
And other symptoms of CAD include:
- and that pain in the arms or shoulders
- you have difficulty breathing
- you sweat
- make you dizzy
And with that your blood flow is more restricted and that’s when you can experience more symptoms. And at the same time, if a blockage cuts off blood flow completely or almost completely, it will also cause your heart muscle to die if it does not heal. And with that comes a heart attack.
And at the same time, do not ignore any of these symptoms, especially if they are painful or last for more than five minutes. And at the same time it also requires immediate medical treatment.
Symptoms of CAD for Women
Let us tell you that women can also experience the above symptoms, and with that, but they are also very likely to have them:
- and your nausea
- make you vomit
- you have back pain
- pain in your jaw
- You may have shortness of breath without feeling the pain in your chest
It should be noted that men are at a higher risk of developing heart disease than premenopausal women. By age 70, postmenopausal women are at the same risk as men.
And that’s because of the lack of blood flow to your heart.
- you get weak
- and develop that abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia) and rate either
- you fail to pump as much blood as your body needs
- Also, during the diagnosis, your doctor will detect these heart and those abnormalities.
Risk factors for CAD
It should be noted that understanding the risk factors for CAD can help you plan for preventing or reducing your chances of developing the disease.
Risk factors include:
- your high blood pressure
- you have high blood cholesterol levels
- and tobacco smoking
- And this insulin resistance / hyperglycemia / diabetes mellitus
- make you fat
- and inaction
- and your unhealthy eating habits
- And this obstructive sleep breathing
- and emotional stress
- and excessive alcohol consumption
- and you have a history of preeclampsia during pregnancy
And with age, the risk of CAD also increases. And with that based on age alone as a risk factor, and at the same time that men have this very high risk for the disease starting at age 45, and women by age 55. The risk is greater with age. The risk of coronary artery disease is also higher and at the same time if you have a family history of the disease.
Diagnosis of CAD
Be aware that diagnosing CAD requires a review of your medical history, a physical exam, as well as other medical tests. And at the same time he attends these tests:
- Electrocardiogram: This test monitors the electrical signals along with the ones that travel through your heart. This is the only way your doctor can help you determine whether you have had a heart attack.
- Echocardiogram: In addition, this imaging test uses ultrasound waves to make a picture of your heart. The results of this test show that only some of the things in your heart are working properly and either are not.
- Stress test: Also this special test that measures the stress on your heart during physical activity and while you are resting. And that’s when you walk on a treadmill or ride a stationary bike, the test monitors the electrical activity of your heart itself. This nuclear imaging can also be done for only that part of this test. And at the same time, for people who are unable to do physical exercise, instead of a stress test, some medicines can be used only.
- Cardiac catheterization (left heart catheterization): During this procedure, your doctor injects a special dye into your coronary arteries through an artery in your groin and either forearm . And at the same time, the dye helps you to magnify the radiographic image of your coronary arteries to identify any blockage.
- Heart CT scan: Your doctor may use this imaging test as well to check for calcium deposits in your arteries.
What is the treatment for CAD?
It is important to note that if you have been diagnosed with CAD, it is important to reduce your risk factors and seek treatment to reduce your chances of either a heart attack or stroke. it happens.
And along with that the treatment depends on your current health condition, risk factors and its overall health. For example, it is only your doctor that may prescribe this drug treatment to treat high cholesterol or high blood pressure, and either this medicine to control blood sugar if you have diabetes. Can get it.
And these lifestyle changes can also reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. And like that for example:
- and quit smoking this tobacco
- reduce or stop your alcohol consumption
- and exercise regularly
- and you lose weight to a healthy level
- And you eat the same healthy diet (low in saturated fat, sodium, and added sugar).
- And friends, if lifestyle changes and medication do not improve your condition, your doctor may recommend this procedure to increase blood flow to your heart.
And with this I can also have these procedures:
- Balloon angioplasty: This is usually done with a single stent inserted to help keep the lumen open after the procedure, to widen blocked arteries and reduce plaque buildup.
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: Also in Open Chest Surgery to restore blood flow to the heart
- Enhanced external repulsion: This is a non-invasive procedure to naturally bypass clogged arteries and to stimulate the formation of new smaller blood vessels.
What is the Outlook for CAD?
Let us tell you that everyone’s approach to CAD is different. The sooner you can start your treatment and either implement these very same lifestyle changes, the better your chances of preventing extensive damage to your heart.
Keep in mind that it is important that you follow your doctor’s instructions. And along with this, I take the medicines as directed and make these changes in the recommended lifestyle only. If you have a higher risk for CAD, reducing your own risk factors may also help prevent the disease.