What is an autoimmune disease?
Let us tell you that an autoimmune disease is a condition in which it is your own immune system that mistakenly attacks your body.
In addition, the immune system usually protects against germs such as bacteria and viruses. And that’s when it senses these alien invaders, and it’s only when it sends an army of fighter cells to attack them.
Note that normally, the immune system can tell the difference between foreign cells and your own cells.
In an autoimmune disease, in addition, the immune system perceives parts of your body, such as your joints and or your skin, as foreign And along with this, it releases proteins called autoantibodies and those that attack healthy cells.
Note that some autoimmune diseases target only one organ. Type 1 diabetes damages the pancreas. And along with it, those other types of diseases like lupus erythematosus (SLE) affect the whole body.
Why does the immune system attack the body?
Along with this, doctors do not know exactly what causes the malfunction of the immune system. And at the same time, I still think that some people are more likely to get this autoimmune disease than others.
Let us tell you that according to a 2014 study, women have a 2 to 1 rate of autoimmune diseases compared to men – 6.4 percent of women versus 2.7 percent of men. Most often, the disease begins during a woman’s childbearing years (ages 15 to 44).
It should be noted that some autoimmune diseases are more common in certain ethnic groups. For example, lupus tends to affect more African-Americans than Caucasians, as well as all people.
Friends, let us tell you that only a few autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, run in all families. Not every member of the family has the same disease, but they may have inherited the susceptibility to an autoimmune condition.
So That’s the incidence of the autoimmune diseases is a increasings a researchers suspect that’s environmental of the factors may also be involved in a infection as well as exposure to all chemicals and or or solvents.
And this “Western diet” is one and all that suspected risk factor for developing an autoimmune disease. Eating high-fat, high-sugar and highly processed foods is believed to be linked to inflammation, and that it can set off an immune response. And friends, however, it has not been proved.
So that’s 2015 year study focused on the anothers theory of called the hygiene hypothesis so that Because of vaccines and all that antiseptics, children today are not exposed to as many germs as they were before. And those who lack this exposure may only cause their immune systems to overreact to harmless substances.
Bottom Line: so the Researchers do not know the exactly so what’s the causes autoimmune diseases And with that, all that genetics, diet, infections, and exposure to chemicals can also be involved.
14 Common Autoimmune Diseases
1. Type 1 Diabetes
Friends, let us tell you that the pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which helps to control the level of blood sugar. And with this, in type 1 diabetes mellitus, the immune system attacks and destroys all your cells that make insulin in the pancreas.
And with that, all the consequences of high blood sugar can damage blood vessels as well as organs like your heart, kidneys, eyes, and your nerves as well.
2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Friends, let us tell you that in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the immune system attacks the joints. And it’s because of this attack that redness in your joints, and that heat, soreness, and that makes you feel tight.
Note that this is unlike osteoarthritis, which usually only affects you as people get older, and that RA can start as early as your 30s or earlier.
3. Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis
Let us tell you that these skin cells grow normally and at the same time they fall when they are no longer needed. Psoriasis causes skin cells to multiply too quickly. And those extra cells build up and form swollen red spots, and this is usually accompanied by a silvery-white plaque on the skin itself.
Let us tell you that up to 30 percent of people suffering from psoriasis have swelling, stiffness and pain in their joints along with it so that’s form of disease a called of psoriatic arthritis.
4. Multiple Sclerosis
Explain that multiple sclerosis (MS) damages the myelin sheath, the protective coating that surrounds nerve cells, in your central nervous system. And at the same time, damage to the myelin sheath slows down the transmission of messages between your brain and your spinal cord and the rest of your body.
Let us tell you that this damage can cause symptoms such as numbness, weakness, balance problems and trouble walking. And this disease comes in many forms that progress at different rates. According to a 2012 study, only about 50 percent of people with MS need help walking within 15 years of the onset of the disease.
5. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
Friends, although in the 1800s, doctors first described lupus as a skin disease because it is caused by the rash that usually occurs, and also the form, which is the most common. It happens, and it actually affects many organs, including your joints, kidneys, brain, and heart.
So That’s a joint pain and fatigue a rashes are a among so the most common symptom.
6. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
So that Inflammatory a bowel disease (IBD) is a term used the describe conditions This cause inflammation in the a lining of the intestinal wall so that types of the IBD affects a different part of the a GI tract.
Let us tell you that Crohn’s disease can cause this inflammation in any part of the GI tract from mouth to anus.
In addition, this ulcerative colitis affects only the large intestine (colon) as well as the lining of the rectum.
7. Addison’s disease
This Addison’s disease affects the adrenal glands, which produce the hormone cortisol as well as the androgen hormone. And having too little cortisol can affect the way your body uses and stores carbohydrates and sugar (glucose). And it’s only that a lack of aldosterone will lead to a lack of sodium in the bloodstream and an excess of potassium.
Those symptoms include weakness, fatigue, weight loss, as well as low blood sugar.
8. Graves Disease
Let us tell you that Graves’ disease attacks the thyroid gland in the neck, causing it to produce too much of its hormones. And along with that, the thyroid hormones control the body’s energy use, and that’s what it’s known as metabolism.
Explain that an excess of these hormones accelerates your body’s movements, and that causes such symptoms as nervousness, and your rapid heartbeat, heat intolerance and weight loss.
Friends, let us tell you that a possible symptom of this disease is bulging eyes, which is called exophthalmos. According to a 1993 study, it may also occur as part of what is called Graves’ ophthalmopathy, which occurs in only about 30 percent of people with Graves’ disease.
9. Sjögren’s syndrome
Friends, this condition attacks the glands that lubricate the eyes and your mouth. Typical symptoms of Sjögren’s syndrome are dry eyes and dry mouth, and it can affect the joints and the skin.
10. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
It should be noted that in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the production of thyroid hormones slows down. And those symptoms include weight gain, sensitivity to cold, fatigue, hair loss, as well as inflammation of the thyroid (goiter).
11. Myasthenia Gravis
Explain that it affects your myasthenia gravis nerve impulses and the one that helps your brain control muscles. When communication from nerves to muscles is interrupted, signals to you can’t direct the muscle itself to contract.
Friends, the most common symptom is muscle weakness and that which gets worse with activity and also improves with your rest. Often the muscles that control eye movements, as well as those of you, include opening your eyelids, swallowing, and facial movements.
12. Autoimmune Vasculitis
In addition, autoimmune vasculitis occurs when the immune system itself attacks the blood vessels. The resulting inflammation constricts the arteries as well as your veins, allowing less blood to flow through them.
13. Pernicious anemia
Friends, this condition causes a deficiency of a protein made by the lining cells of the stomach, which is well known as intrinsic factor, which is required to absorb vitamin B-12 from food. So a very small intestine is required. Without sufficient amounts of this vitamin, a person will develop anemia, and with it your body’s ability to synthesize proper DNA.
And it should be noted that pernicious anemia is more common in older adults. According to a 2012 study, it affects only 0.1 percent of people in general, as well as me but only about 2 percent of people over the age of 60.
14. Celiac Disease
It should be noted that people with celiac disease cannot eat foods containing gluten, which is a protein found in wheat, rye, as well as other types of grain products. When gluten is in the small intestine, the immune system attacks this part of the gastrointestinal tract, causing inflammation.
A 2015 study also noted that celiac disease affects about 1 percent of people in the United States. And friends, this is the way a large number of people have reported gluten sensitivity, and that it is not a single autoimmune disease, and can be accompanied by similar symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Symptoms of autoimmune disease
Friends, let us tell you that the initial symptoms of many autoimmune diseases are very similar, such as:
- tired you
- you have muscle pain
- you have swelling and redness
- you have a low-grade fever
- and you have trouble concentrating
- So the numbness or tingling in your hands and the your feet
- your hair fall
- your skin rash
It should be noted that individual diseases may also have their own specific symptoms. For example, if you have type 1 diabetes, it can cause excessive thirst, weight loss and fatigue. And along with that, IBD causes abdominal pain, that bloating, as well as your diarrhea.
And with autoimmune diseases like psoriasis or RA, symptoms can come and go. And let us tell you that this period of these symptoms is called flare-up. And this only period of time when the symptoms go away and that is called this remission.
Bottom Line: Let us tell you that these symptoms such as fatigue, muscle pain, swelling and redness can be signs of an autoimmune disease so that’s symptoms of the may come and the go over time.
When to see a doctor
Let us tell you that if you have symptoms of autoimmune disease, then see a doctor. And depending on what type of disease you have, and friends, you may need to go to a specialist.
- It should be noted that rheumatologists treat joint diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, as well as other autoimmune diseases such as Sjögren’s syndrome and SLE.
- So that Gastroenterologists treat a diseases of a GI tracts so that’s such as a celiac or Crohn’s disease.
- Endocrinologists treat glandular conditions including Graves’ disease, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis as well as Addison’s disease.
- And along with this, your dermatologist treats only those skin conditions like psoriasis.
- and tests that diagnose autoimmune diseases
- And yet, no single test can diagnose most autoimmune diseases. Friends, your doctor will use a combination of tests to diagnose you as well as a review of your symptoms and a physical exam.
Note that this antinuclear antibody test (ANA) is often one of the first tests that your doctor uses when these symptoms suggest an autoimmune disease. A positive test means that you may have one of these diseases, but it will not confirm for sure which disease you have and either if you definitely have it.
Friends, this other type of test looks for specific autoantibodies produced in certain autoimmune diseases. And that is, not only in your body, but also your doctor can do non-specific tests to check for inflammation caused by these diseases.
Bottom Line: Friends, this only positive ANA blood test can be a sign of an autoimmune disease. And it’s only your doctor who can use your symptoms as well as other tests to confirm the diagnosis.
How are autoimmune diseases treated?
So that’s types treatments are cannot cure autoimmune diseases so that they can control the overactive of immune response and at the same of time reduce inflammation and the at least reduce pain and inflammation. Plus it can help you reduce inflammation. And these include the drugs used to treat these conditions:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) as well as naproxen (Naprosyn)
There are many remedies available to relieve the symptoms like pain, swelling, fatigue and it’s skin rashes.
And eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise along with it can only help you feel better.
Bottom Line: The main treatment for autoimmune diseases is with medications that reduce inflammation and calm the overactive immune response. And along with this, it can also help a lot in removing its treatment symptoms.
More than 80 different types of autoimmune diseases are present. And one that makes it so often their symptoms overlap, and one that makes it difficult to diagnose them.
Let us tell you that autoimmune diseases are more common in women, and with that they often run in families.
In addition, blood tests that look for autoantibodies can help doctors diagnose these conditions. Treatment involves medications to calm the overactive immune response as well as reduce inflammation in the body itself.