What is an antibiotic?
Friends, let us tell you that these are antibiotics which are used only to fight the infection caused by bacteria. They are also called antibacterial. And at the same time they treat the infection by either killing or reducing the growth of bacteria.
It was in 1936 that the first modern antibiotic was used. And let us tell you that before antibiotics, 30 percent of all deaths were due to bacterial infection. Thanks to antibiotics, those already deadly infections are curable.
Let us tell you that today, antibiotics are still very powerful, life-saving drugs for people with some serious infections. They can also prevent less serious infections from becoming serious.
Friends, let us tell you that there are many classes of antibiotics. And only a few types of antibiotics work best for specific types of bacterial infections.
These antibiotics come in many forms, which include:
- like pills
- and capsules
- And with that I liquid
Keep in mind that most antibiotics are available only with your doctor’s prescription. And along with this, I have some antibiotic creams and ointments available over the counter.
So how do antibiotics work against bacteria?
Friends, let us tell you that antibiotics fight bacterial infections either by killing bacteria and either by slowing down and suspending their growth.
And with that they do it by:
- Tell whether attacking the wall or coating the surrounding bacteria
- as well as interfere with the reproduction of bacteria
- and that inhibiting protein production in bacteria itself
How long do antibiotics take to work?
Friends, tell us that antibiotics start working soon after you start taking them. And that though, you might not feel better for two to three days.
Let us tell you how quickly you recover after this antibiotic treatment and that varies. It also depends on what type of infection you are treating.
It should be noted that most antibiotics should be taken for 7 to 14 days. In some cases, even shorter treatments work. And with that your doctor will decide the best duration of treatment for you and then the right antibiotic type.
Friends, even if you feel better after a few days of treatment, it is best to end the entire antibiotic regimen for your infection to resolve completely. It may also help prevent antibiotic resistance. And also, don’t stop that antibiotic early on your own without first talking to your healthcare provider.
What are antibiotics made of?
The first beta-reporting lactam antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered by accident. And at the same time I had this growing out of a drop of mold on the same petri dish. And with that all the scientists found that it was a certain type of fungus that produced penicillin naturally. Ultimately, it was only through fermentation using fungi that this penicillin was produced in large quantities in the laboratory.
Friends, only a few other early antibiotics were made by the same bacteria found in the soil of the soil.
Let us tell you that today, all antibiotics are made in a laboratory. And at the same time they are made through a series of chemical reactions and they produce the substance used in this medicine.
Friends, let us tell you that other antibiotics are made at least partly through the same natural but controlled process. And at the same time, this process is often enhanced with some chemical reactions and that it can only change the parent substance to make a different drug.
What is antibiotic resistance?
Let us tell you that antibiotics are powerful medicines and those that work very well for only a few types of diseases. And with that, however, some of those antibiotics are now much less useful than they used to be, due to the increase in antibiotic resistance.
Explain that this is when antibiotic resistance occurs and that these bacteria still cannot be controlled or killed by some antibiotics. In some cases, it may mean that it is not an effective treatment for certain conditions.
Every year, 2 million people are infected with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, and that results in at least 23,000 deaths.
Friends, when you take this antibiotic, sensitive bacteria are killed. And in addition, the bacteria that survive during antibiotic treatment are often resistant to that antibiotic. And at the same time, these bacteria often have unique characteristics that prevent antibiotics from working on them.
Just a few serious antibiotic-resistant infections include:
such as Clostridium difficile (C. difference)
And it is the overgrowth of these types of bacteria in both your small and large intestine that it causes infection. This often happens after treatment with antibiotics for another bacterial infection. C. diff is naturally resistant to many other antibiotics.
that vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) And these bacteria often infect your bloodstream, urinary tract, and or even surgical wounds. This infection usually occurs only in people admitted to the hospital. Enterococci infection can be treated simultaneously with the antibiotic vancomycin, but VRE is resistant to this treatment.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
Friends, let us tell you that this type of infection is only resistant to traditional staph infection antibiotics. MRSA infection usually occurs on your skin. It is most common in people in hospitals, as well as in people with weakened immune systems.
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
In addition, this class of bacteria is resistant to many other antibiotics. CR infection usually occurs only in people in hospitals, as well as those who are focused on mechanical ventilators and those who have catheters.
Explain that the most important cause of antibiotic resistance is improper use of antibiotics and that is either overuse. Up to 30 percent of antibiotic use is considered unnecessary. And friends, that’s because and that’s because antibiotics are often prescribed when they’re not needed.
And this can lead to several important steps to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use:
- And with that I only take antibiotics for bacterial infections. And don’t use antibiotics for all conditions caused by viruses, such as the common cold, flu, cough, or sore throat.
- And take antibiotics as directed by your healthcare provider. And so using the wrong dosage, skipping a dose, and either taking it more or less than directed can only contribute to bacterial resistance. And friends, even if you feel better after a few days, talk to your healthcare provider before discontinuing the antibiotic.
- Take the right antibiotic. Additionally, using the wrong antibiotic for the infection can lead to resistance so that’s Do not take it antibiotics prescribed for the someone else. Moreover, he should not take antibiotics left over from previous treatment. Your healthcare provider will be able to select the antibiotic most appropriate for your specific type of infection.
What are antibiotics used to treat?
Friends, let us tell you that antibiotics are used only to treat infections caused by bacteria. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether your infection is caused by bacteria or viruses and that is because the symptoms are often very similar.
Friends, it is your health care provider that will evaluate your symptoms and in addition, he will conduct a physical examination to determine the cause of your infection. So that’s some cases and they may be request a blood and urine test to the confirm the caused of the infections.
So some common bacterial infections include:
- such as urinary tract infection
- sinus and accompanying ear infections
- your throat infection
Note that antibiotics are not effective against viruses, such as the common cold and flu. They also do not work for all infections caused by fungi, such as:
- and this yeast infection
- athlete’s foot
- and with it fungal and infection of the nail
- and shingles
And they are also treated with a different group of drugs called antifungals.
what’s the Commons side effects of antibiotics?
It should be noted that most antibiotics have similar side effects. And with this perhaps the most common side effect is gastrointestinal (GI) upset, and those that include:
- you have diarrhea
- your nausea
- make you vomit
- you cramp
Friends, in very few cases, if you take the antibiotic with food and only then you can reduce these side effects so that’s However something antibiotics the must be a taken on an empty stomach so that’s asking your doctor or pharmacists about That’s best way to take of your antibiotic.
Let us tell you that after stopping this treatment, GI upset usually goes away very much. If it doesn’t, you should call your doctor. And friends that in addition, call your doctor only if you develop and that:
- And this is severe diarrhea
- your stomach ache and cramps
- And blood in your stool
- You have fever
Taking antibiotics effectively
It should be noted that antibiotics are most effective when used appropriately. It starts with making sure you really only need this antibiotic Also, I use only antibiotics prescribed by your doctor for bacterial infections.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the best way to take your own antibiotic. Some should be taken with food to reduce side effects but some should be taken on an empty stomach.
It is to be noted that these antibiotics should also be taken in the prescribed dosage as well as for the prescribed length of treatment. Also, you may feel better within a few days of starting the antibiotic, but you should talk to your healthcare provider before stopping your treatment early.